(a) U TURN BACK: Starting formation - single dancer. The dancer does an in-place about-face turn (180°), turning toward partner unless the body flow dictates otherwise. If alone (i.e. no partner), the dancer turns toward the center of the set. If the dancer is facing directly toward or away from the center of the set, he may turn in either direction.
(b) GENTS OR LADIES BACKTRACK: Starting formation - single dancer. The dancer does a U turn back by stepping out and turning away from partner or the center of the set.
STYLING: Arms in natural dance position.
TIMING: 2 steps.